Computer engineering schools are increasingly offering degrees in computer science, computer engineering and computer programming, and are offering them to students at higher levels of education.
But the number of computer science majors who complete a computer engineering degree and choose to pursue a degree in computer engineering or computer programming is relatively small.
As a result, some students at some schools may choose to major in computer coding instead.
Some computer engineering schools may offer computer engineering degrees, but they typically offer only a bachelor’s degree in a particular field, such as computer programming.
Computer engineering is an advanced area of computer engineering, with the goal of helping computer systems become more efficient, effective and secure.
It is often combined with computer science to form a single degree program, the Bachelor of Science in Computer Science.
Computer engineering students often study for one year and then transfer to a more advanced degree program to complete the program.
In contrast, computer programming majors, especially computer programmers, can pursue a bachelor of science degree in any of these subjects.
Computer programming programs typically focus on the design and implementation of software.
Computer science students typically focus more on the study of how to think and program computer programs.
In the computer engineering field, the emphasis is on theory, not practical applications, said Dan Prentice, a computer science professor at George Mason University.
Computer coding programs may be the best way to increase computer engineering majors’ chances of finding a job.
Computer programmers may find themselves taking on new programming tasks, like creating software that can work with the latest versions of Windows, Mac OS X and Linux.
But a computer coding degree will give students a broad background and skills that are applicable to jobs at any technology company, said Robert A. Dutson, a professor of computer and information science at Purdue University.
A bachelor’s in computer programming may also be the most rewarding option for students interested in earning a master’s degree, said Charles T. Naughton, a senior vice president for research and innovation at IBM.
A master’s in computing science and technology, in contrast, will likely give students an important leg up in the career ladder, he said.
“A computer science degree is a strong path for a career that’s going to be a lot more challenging,” said Naughson, who has been a computer engineer for 10 years.
The average computer engineering major earns $45,000 a year and is expected to graduate with a bachelor degree in 2018, according to the Association of Computing Machinery.
Computer programmers may be able to gain valuable experience by working on open-source software, said David Kamin, vice president of research and development at Google.
“If you are working on the open-sourced Google Android platform, the Google Google Android Open Source Project, you have a very valuable opportunity to get experience that could be applied in a company like Google,” he said, noting that Google engineers are among the most senior ranks in the company.
In the software world, a software developer is typically a programmer.
But programmers are becoming increasingly attractive in an industry where many of the companies that make software for smartphones, tablets, PCs and other products are focused on the development of cloud computing.
The software world is also evolving, as more businesses are looking to automate processes that require people to maintain large numbers of computers.
Computer programming may be a good choice for students who want to learn how to build and maintain complex software systems, said Taryn Breslin, a program director for the Center for Data and Learning Management at the University of Colorado at Boulder.
“A lot of people in computer programs aren’t necessarily engineers, but a lot of engineers are people who are really good at computer programming,” she said.
Computer programs are generally considered the most challenging subject for students, said Rene Oudenaarden, a principal at Huddersfield University in the U.K.
Huddersfields’ Breslen said she is not concerned that students will be discouraged by the program and that the school will offer the bachelor’s as a graduation requirement.
“I think that the program is going to provide a strong foundation for students,” she added.
The number of college-level computer science degrees has more than tripled in the past 20 years, according the Association for Computing Machineries.
But computer engineering remains a relatively small field, with about 10 percent of computer scientists and computer engineers.
And while computer science and computer engineering are widely recognized as the three primary subjects in computer-science education, many students choose to focus on one or the other instead.
The Association of American Colleges and Universities estimates that computer engineering graduates are 25 percent less likely to get jobs in software and network services than those who do not pursue computer science.
Computer engineers typically work in industries that are not traditionally associated with computer engineering such as education, marketing, marketing management, business development and accounting.